Periodontal Therapy/ Gum Disease

Gum Disease Treatment:  Baton Rouge, Louisiana

Periodontal/ Gum Disease Explained

It will amaze you to know that about 86% of Americans have periodontal disease of some kind or at different levels of progression. Periodontal disease, also known as gum disease can affect people of all ages, kids, adults, and older citizens. This disease is the prime reason why people lose their teeth. It can begin as a mild form called gingivitis, and over the years, if not dealt with in time, it can progress to advanced periodontitis.

Identifying Periodontitis

Since periodontitis develops below the gum line, most people don’t notice it until it has progressed to a later stage. The more advanced forms of the disease can take months and sometimes, years to become visible. You will begin to notice symptoms such as red and swollen gums, receding gum tissue, pain and bleeding in the gums, loosening of the teeth and halitosis or bad breath.

Reasons for Periodontitis

Plaque is a mixture of bacteria, saliva, and minute food particles that regularly coat the teeth above and below the gum line. Over time, this plaque that is highly harmful and toxic to the teeth, accumulates inside the gaps between the gums and teeth. And, the bacteria begin to cause infections and swelling. If not checked, they can also begin to erode the jawbone, and can weaken the gum tissue and ligaments that hold the teeth in place.

Effects of Periodontitis

If periodontitis is not identified in time, the bacteria cause more serious infections and swelling in the mouth. They cause deeper and deeper crevices and eventually, find their way into the bloodstream. The blood carries them to the other organs of the body where they begin to cause other diseases like diabetes, kidney problems, stroke, heart conditions, and certain kinds of cancer, among others. Babies of mothers with periodontitis develop several problems in the uterus and are often born premature or with low birth weight.

Treating Periodontitis

The best way to treat periodontitis is to prevent it. This you can do by taking good care of your mouth with regular brushing, flossing, and mouthwashes. It is also recommended that you visit your dentist at regular intervals for extensive teeth cleaning procedures. This is especially important if you already have other medical issues. If you do develop periodontitis, your oral care practitioner will advise treatment according to the how extensively the disease had spread. Accordingly, he may choose either surgical or nonsurgical procedures. In case the problem is only moderate or somewhat severe, she might opt for the nonsurgical approach along with a course of antibiotics to cure the disease. More severe conditions may require surgery.

Unfortunately, despite the seriousness of this disease, only about 3% of affected Americans take the treatment necessary to cure the problem. This is why; you must opt to be one of the lucky 3% that will prevent more serious health issues in the future with regular dental care.

 


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